THE FOUR QUESTIONS

1) Who is your Main Character? 

The HERO, or main character, of your story MUST be sympathetic. If the audience cares about the hero, they’ll be more invested in the outcome of the story.

Two techniques you can use to make your hero sympathetic are to give him undeserved misfortune, or show him “petting the dog.”

If your character has undeserved misfortune, he has been the victim of circumstances beyond his control. An unfaithful spouse, abandonment, the death of a loved one, the loss of a job — all of these can quickly get an audience on your hero’s side.

Showing your hero “petting the dog” means showing him being nice to animals, kids, or old people. (Conversely, if you want to quickly show your hero’s Main Antagonist as unsympathetic, show him being nasty to animals, kids or old people!)

2) What is the main character trying to accomplish? 

Your hero must always be trying to accomplish a compelling goal; something he can’t turn his back on; something that if he doesn’t do it, it won’t get done, and not only will he suffer, but INNOCENT PEOPLE WILL SUFFER TOO. This point is crucial, because the suffering of the innocent is the stuff of empathy and drama.

“Make the goal compelling” is a fancy way of saying that it isn’t enough for your hero to care about what he’s trying to accomplish. The reader has to care as well.

3) Who is trying to stop the main character? 

Just as your hero is committed to accomplishing his goal, you need a MAIN OPPONENT or ANTAGONIST who is committed to accomplishing the opposite goal. Ruthlessly committed. And the more ruthless, the better. Not only that, but the Main Opponent’s goal should be mutually exclusive from the hero’s goal. In that final match up between hero and villain, there can be only one winner.

A mutually exclusive, compelling goal for your hero and his opponent to knock heads over is an essential part of any good story.

4) What happens if he fails?

This is the simplest of all the four questions to answer, because there can be only one answer: death. The life and death of your hero are the only stakes you can know for sure people will care about, because by the time you get here, you should have:

. . .a sympathetic hero, who has probably. . .

. . .suffered some sort of undeserved misfortune, and. . .

. . .who is engaged in a compelling goal, against. . .

. . .a ruthlessly committed opponent.

If your story has all of the above, it’s self-evident that anyone reading it will care deeply whether the hero and the characters surrounding him live or die, because the whole purpose of questions 1-3 is to make them care!

The death the character faces should be, whenever possible, real physical death. If real death can’t be played out in your story (perhaps you’re writing a love story or you want your story to be more “family friendly”), then you must use a figurative death. But it has to be a figurative death so strong it might as well be real death.

 

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To Kill a Mockingbird author Harper Lee is dead at 89 | The Verge

Harper Lee, the author of To Kill a Mockingbird, has died. She was 89. Al.com reports that she passed in her hometown of Monroeville, Alabama. The cause of death has not yet been reported.

Source: To Kill a Mockingbird author Harper Lee is dead at 89 | The Verge

What Are The Magic Words To Include In Your Cover Copy

 Truthfully I don’t know if I can help you produce “magic” words, but I can definitely get you started on the right track. Here’s what I expect good cover copy to do:

  1. Introduce the hero
  2. Convey the plot via one of the hero’s major goalsInclude some of the obstacles in the hero’s way
  3. Show what’s at stake for the hero if s/he fails
  4. Provide genre indicatorsUse the voice of the novel (in third person, present tense)Hook the reader into wanting more

Read More At: Cover Copy: a Must-Have for the Novelist’s Toolbox | Kobo Writing Life

This Is A Great Way To Give Dictation A Try

Have you wanted to try dictation but have been concerned about the cost of the software? What if you don’t like dictating? With https://dictation.io and the Chrome browser you can give Google’s voice recognition API a test drive. While it may not be as accurate as Dragon it is very good and a great way to get started with dictation.

How To Make Your Writing Funnier

In this video from the TED-Ed YouTube channel, Emmy Award-winning comedy writer Cheri Steinkellner shares her best tips for making your writing funnier and more engaging. Here are a few of the key takeaways:

  • The more details you have in your story the better. Specific details give you more opportunities to make jokes.
  • Find the flaw in something or someone and play it up.
  • Challenge expectations and surprise your audience with opposites. Have the smartest character do something stupid. Or build up an idea like it’s the best thing ever, then explain why it crashed and burned almost instantly.
  • Turn your horrible experiences into fuel for funny stories and gut-busting jokes.

From Life Hacker

The 8 Worst Kinds of Fictional Romances

Romance abounds in fiction—and science fiction and fantasy are full of epic romances, too. But sometimes a romance feels less like something that’s true to the characters and more like a plot device the writers threw in at the last moment. Here are eight kinds of romance that we don’t ever need to see again.

Source: The 8 Worst Kinds of Fictional Romances

Your Stupid-Ass Typing Style Might Not Actually Be So Bad

Back in the olden days, most typists were trained to use all their fingers. That’s less of a concern now, leading to all sorts of self-taught typing styles. But as a new study shows, our lack of formal training—and our resistance to using all ten fingers—doesn’t mean we’re not proficient typists.

Source: Your Stupid-Ass Typing Style Might Not Actually Be So Bad

Tim Harford: How Frustration Can Make Us More Creative

The Dark Side of Creativity

Few psychological traits are as desirable as creativity — the ability to come up with ideas that are both novel and useful. Yet it is also true that creativity has been associated with a wide range of counterproductive, rarely discussed qualities. Being aware of these tendencies is important for anyone trying to better understand their own creativity, or that of other people.

Source: The Dark Side of Creativity

Write! Is a Distraction-Free Text Editor with Just the Right Features

Windows: Finding a good text editor can be tough. Some lack basic features, like spell checking, and others are so heavy they may as well be word processors. Write! is a new application, currently in beta, that rides the sweet spot and delivers the features you’d actually find useful without the cruft (or system bloat) you don’t want.

Source: Write! Is a Distraction-Free Text Editor with Just the Right Features